Gum disease is a worrisome condition in dental care. More than annoying, it would create trouble for the overall functionality and chewing efficacy. You might wonder why your teeth are shaking. Well, it generally happens when the tooth-supporting structures like gums, ligaments and bones are weak.
Reasons for gum disease :
There are various factors that influence gum disease.
The foremost cause for the shaky teeth is gum infection. Certainly, you might aware that our oral cavity is the first organ to lodge microbes. Eventually, it also facilitates tremendous microbial growth. When your gums affect and inflame, it acts as a route of entry for further destruction of surrounding bones and ligaments. If this untreated, it affects periodontium and would ultimately cause loose teeth.
Pus formation :
Accumulation of pus, either from infection spread through tooth decay or from the gums, could cause loose teeth.
Unfortunately, uncontrolled diabetes is more likely to affect the gums. It might also cause pus deposition in multiple teeth and causes to loosen the teeth.
Collagen diseases :
These are an extremely rare condition, where the synthesis of collagen impairs by nature and affects the gums. If this is the case, then you might face generalised loosening of teeth.
Treatment options available for severe gum disease :
Elimination of the cause is the best way to treat a problem. Without sorting out the prime reason, a perfect solution cannot be attained.
Advanced gum therapy :
If you have grade 1 mobility ( or the loose teeth is very minimal ), Scaling and root-planning provided with proper follow-ups can give desirable result.
Incase, the gum destruction is between moderate to severe, you might require flap surgery and grafting. It is a minor surgical procedure, where your gums are cleaned in-depth and infections are removed. Additionally, placing grafts would enhance speedy recovery. This will create a healthy environment for the gums to regenerate.
Prosthetic management :
In extremely severe gum disease, preserving teeth are out of scope. In that situation, it has to be removed and replaced with the prosthesis.
The implant is one best way to improve your overall dental efficiency. It, in fact, prevent further bone resorption and improves the quality of supporting structures. In case of complete tooth loss, you can opt for implant-supported complete dentures.
However, if you are medically compromised, there are chances for implant failure as your body might not support for implants. In such scenarios, fixed or removable dentures are ideal options. These prostheses would take support from the adjacent teeth and/or from supporting bones.
If finance is your constraint, you can also opt for fixed dentures. But in any situation, it is mandatory to replace the missing teeth. Otherwise, it will impair your functionality and weaken the other oral structures.
Braces and splints :
If you have crooked teeth, it is better to treat it at the early stage of life with braces rather than letting it affect your periodontium later.
If you are too stress and clench a lot, soft splints are to fix the issue ( apparently next to stress management ).
Root canal treatment :
In the case of pus accumulation, the tooth requires RCT therapy for the evacuation of pus and dead tissues. This would promote healing and helps to preserve the tooth.
Diabetic management :
It is very crucial to keep a check on your sugar level. It has to maintain under control not only for oral health but also for your overall well-being.
Technologies that are available for treating gum disease:
Laser technology :
Lasers are recent advancement in dentistry which supports for an excellent prognosis. Lasers by nature have bacteriocidal property. This can effectively kill the microbes and prevent its proliferation. Lasers are adjuvant therapy for conventional periodontal treatment.
CAD/CAM technique :
Computer-designed 3D technology is used for designing dentures. This gives perfection and nullifies the human-errors.
Biocompatible dental implants :
Dental implants are made of titanium which is the best bio compatible material. It has the capability to integrate well with the bone without causing any trouble.
Bioengineered grafting materials :
Bioengineered grafting materials have a superior quality that well supports the tissue regenerative process. Either it can be soft tissue or bone growth, bioengineered materials are advantageous.
Local drug delivery systems :
Here, the antibiotics are locally placed in the affected region for a week or two. This has better action for the elimination of microbes in the gums.
How many visits are required for treating gum disease :
Gum disease treatments are basically a subjective protocol, and the treatment time varies from person to person. Prognosis highly depends on how well you manage oral hygiene as instructed, your medical condition and how much you stay away from habits like smoking, alcohol, etc.
However, it might take two to three sitting depending on the procedure, followed by one month, 3 months, 6 months and one-year follow-ups to evaluate the treatment prognosis.
Frequently asked questions on gum disease management :
What is the probability of getting gum disease?
It highly depends on how well you care for oral hygiene. Bacteria can easily affect the gums and regular cleaning can prevent loose teeth.
How to identify that my gums are infected?
Reddened or swollen gums and mild bleeding while brushing are early indications for gum infections. It is better reported to the dental clinic at an early stage to prevent further complications.
Can advanced gum therapy preserve my loose teeth?
Advanced gum therapy in adjuvant with laser treatment has a synergetic outcome for loose teeth management.
How to control diabetes?
With adequate physical activity, properly planned diet and regular medication, one can control diabetes.
Will advanced gum therapy gives discomfort?
Mild discomfort might be there for 3-4 days, however, it is manageable.
Is there any food restrictions after gum teeth treatment?
It is advisable to avoid spicy foods for 2-3 days after the treatment. Also, it is better to rinse the mouth with warm saline water.
What happens if I skip the follow-ups?
Gum disease management requires close monitoring to understand the prognosis. Hence I suggest you visit the clinic at the mentioned period to avoid losing the teeth.