Maintaining proper oral hygiene is not only important for oral health but also in some instance, it is significant to avoid risk factors of certain systemic illness. Mild gum inflammation can progress into periodontitis when left untreated. It is the chronic irreversible condition of the gum damage, with or without tooth loss.
Mechanism of the degenerative process :
Such degenerative process has two major mechanisms, which predispose to risk factor for many systemic diseases.
Firstly, these chronic periodontitis has minute multiple ulcerative erosions on the lining mucosa which acts as a direct route of entry for the bacteria into the systemic circulation. Hypercoagulable state and increased blood viscosity are known to induced by systemic infections.
Secondly, periodontal disease increases the blood coagulants and WBC counts in the blood. Such chronic inflammation and increased level of inflammatory cells are predisposing factors for various systemic diseases.
Systemic illness with gum disease :
Heart disease :
For instance, Atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases like myocardial infarction, ischemic heart disease and stroke which most commonly associated with thrombi are found to contain virulent periodontal microorganisms. Click the link to know about Relationship between the heart and the tooth.
Secondly, there is a bidirectional connection associated with periodontal disease and Diabetes. Consistent evidence has emerged that severe periodontitis adversely affects glycemic control in both diabetic and non-diabetic subjects. In patients with diabetes, there is a direct and dose-dependent relationship between periodontal severity and dose-dependent complication. To know more about the connection between diabetes and its oral effects click the link Diabetes and its oral effects
Other systemic illness :
In the above case, chronic inflammation acts as a predisposing factor. Not only in Diabetes, but also in other health conditions like chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD), Pneumonia, Premature birth, Obesity, Metabolic syndrome, Cognitive disorders, to deadly Cancers have fearful connections out of this mechanism that occurs in periodontal disease. To know more about cancer and its oral disease association, kindly click this link Risk of liver cancer due to poor oral hygiene
To conclude, because of all these possibilities, maintaining good oral hygiene has become a major consideration. This is not only for the betterment of mouth and its supporting structures but also for the systemic well-being.
Carranza, Newman, et al.; Clinical Periodontology; 2007 (3); 10th edition