Signs and symptoms of hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism

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Increase or decrease secretion of thyroid hormone gives a huge impact on the overall body functions. Here we see about the signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, which may help to act as an alarm sign to check your thyroid on time.



Signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism ( decreased thyroid secretion ):

  • Tiredness and weakness, people will have dull and lazy feel and it is quite easy form them to sleep even for 12-14 hours a day.
  • Dry and course skin, often feel cold, very much sensitive to cold temperature with cool peripheral extremities
  • Puffy face, hands and feet called myxedema and peripheral edema
  • Increased hair loss and diffuse alopecia ( generalissd loss of hair all over the body)
  • Difficult in concentrating and poor memory
  • Constipation
  • Weight gain with poor appetite
  • Difficulty in breathing (dyspnea)
  • Decreased heart rate and rhythm ( bradycardia )
  • Hoarseness of voice
  • Delayed tendon reflex relaxation ( delay in the relaxation of muscle after contraction, seen well on the calf muscles )
  • Intially menorrhagia ( heavy menstural bleed ) later it goes into oligomenorrhagia ( less menstrual bleed ) or amenorrhagia ( no mensturation )
  • Parasthesia ( tingling or prickling sensation, which occurs now and then, often on the skins of hand and foot )
  • Hearing impairment
  • Carpel tunnel syndrome Reference – Orthoinfo

Signs and symptoms of hyperthyroidism ( increased thyroid secretion) :

  • Hyperactive, irritability and dysphoria, they always will be in the state of dissatisfaction and uneasiness
  • Heat intolerance and profuse sweating
  • Warm and moist skins
  • Weight loss with increased appetite
  • Palpitations and tachycardia (increased heart rate and rhythm)
  • Goiter( abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland )
  • Diarrhea
  • increased urination
  • tiredness and weakness
  • muscle weakness and peripheral degeneration of muscles
  • Upper eyelid gets retracted causing the eyeball to protrude out called exophthalmia.
  • Oligomenorrhagia and loss of libido
  • Gynecomastia

Not all the symptoms are subjective but when you come across 4-5 at a time, it is better to consult your physician.

Reference:

Harrison’s principle of internal medicine, 19th edition.

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