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Choke and its management

Choking occurs when a foreign object enters into the windpipe and block any of its pathway. We generally encounter it while having food and we cough to expel it out. What if it doesn’t comes out?? What if it goes serious??? How serious it can go and what complication it can cause !!!


Not only food, any foreign object entering the windpipe causes choke. When it occludes the airway, oxygen supply to the brain will start to deplete and now the alarm begins.

Signs and symptoms of choke includes,

  • Inability to talk
  • Inability to breath or very feeble breath
  • May or may not be able to cough

on severe condition

  • skin turns blue
  • victim becomes unconscious

How to manage if someone choke!!!

1) Back blow :

First position the victim slightly forward and give 5 continuous back blow inbetween the shoulder blades with the heel of your hand. If the object expels out, make the victim to most comfortable position.

2) Abdominal thrusts :

If the victim is not pregnant or too obese, and still the object is inside, give abdominal thrusts. Stand behind the victim and wrap around the waist. Place the clenched fist just above the navel and wrap the fist with the other hand. Give 5 quick inward and upward thrust as if lifting the whole body.



Repeat both the process until the object expelled out or the person starts to breath or the person becomes unconscious.

Remove the object from the mouth only if you could see it. Do not simply sweep the finger inside the mouth as this may push the object more inward.

If there is no one to help, still abdominal thrust can be done by taking support from a hard object like chair or any counter top.



If the person is pregnant or too obese, the chest thrust should be given by placing the fist little high to the normal position, more precisely at the base of the chest bone.


If the person becomes unconscious before or after the object expels out, call for the ambulance and start giving CPR Cardio pulmonary resuscitation (CPR)





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